He was also accused of Atheism, again with little justification

He was also accused of Atheism, again with little justification

He was per central figure durante the political scene of the Italian Renaissance , per tumultuous period of plots, wars between city states and constantly shifting alliances.

Although he never considered himself per philosopher (and often overtly rejected philosophical inquiry as irrelevant ), many subsequent political philosophers have been influenced by his ideas. His name has since passed into common usage to refer esatto any political move that is devious or cunning durante nature, although this probably represents a more extreme view than Machiavelli actually took.

He is best known today for two main works, the well-known „The Prince“ (a treatise on political realism and per duplice on how verso ruler can retain control over his subjects), and the „Discourses on Livy“ (the most important sistema on republicanism in the early modern period).

Although he is sometimes presented as a model of Moral Nihilism, that is actually highly questionable as he was largely silent on moral matters and, if anything, he presented an alternative to the ethical theories of his day, rather than an all-out rejection of all morality.

Machiavelli was born con Florence , Italy on 3 May 1469, the second son of Bernardo di Niccol Machiavelli (verso lawyer) and Bartolommea di Stefano Nelli . His family were believed preciso be descended from the old marquesses of Tuscany , and were probably quite wealthy.

He was soon promoted preciso Second Chancellor of the Republic of Florence, with responsibility for diplomatic negotiations and military matters

Little is known of his early life , but his education (possibly at the University of Florence ) left him with verso thorough knowledge of the Latin and Italian classics , and he was trained as per man with great nobility and severe rigor by his father. He entered governmental service in Florence as verso clerk and ambassador per 1494, the same year as Florence had restored the republic and expelled the ruling Medici family . Between 1499 and 1512, he undertook a number of diplomatic missions sicuro the trapu of Louis XII of France, Ferdinand II of Aragn and the Papacy mediante Rome. During this time, he witnessed at first hand (and with great interest) the audacious but effective statebuilding methods of the soldier/churchman Cesare Borgia (1475 – 1507).

From 1503 sicuro 1506, Machiavelli was responsible for the Florentine militia and the defense of the city (he distrusted mercenaries , preferring per citizen militia ). He had some early success, but sopra 1512, the Medici (with the help of Pope Julius II and Spanish troops) defeated the Florentine force, and Machiavelli was removed from office, accused of conspiracy and arrested. After torture , he was eventually released and retired onesto his bella stagione at Sant’Andrea (per Percussina near Florence) and began writing the treatises that would ensure his place per the history of Political Philosophy, „Il Signore“ ( „The Prince“ ) and „Discorsi riguardo a la precedentemente deca di Tito Livio“ ( „Discourses on Livy“ ).

Near the end of his life, and probably with the aid of well-connected friends whom he had been constantly badgering, Machiavelli began esatto return onesto the favor of the Medici family. From 1520 puro 1525, he worked on per „History of Florence“ , commissioned by Cardinal Giulio de’Medici (who later become Pope Clement VII ). However, before he could achieve verso full rehabilitation , he died in San Casciano , just outside of Florence, on 21 June 1527. His resting place is unknown.

Machiavelli’s best known rete informatica, „Il Principe“ ( „The Prince“ ), was written con some haste mediante 1513 while mediante exile on his farm outside Florence, and was dedicated onesto Lorenzo de’Medici con the hope of regaining his situazione sopra the Florentine Government. However, it was only formally published posthumously mediante 1532. Per it, he described the arts by which per Prince (or ruler) could retain control of his realm. Per „new“ prince has verso much more difficult task than verso hereditary prince, since he must stabilize his newfound power and build verso structure that will endure, a task that requires the Prince preciso be publicly above reproach but privately may require him preciso do immoral things in order preciso achieve his goals. He outlined his criteria for affecte cruel actions and pointed out the irony con the fact that good can che tipo di from evil actions .

Although „The Prince“ did not dispense entirely with morality nor advocate wholesale selfishness or degeneracy , the Catholic Church nevertheless put the rete informatica on its index of prohibited books , and it was viewed very negatively by many Humanists, such as Erasmus. It ental break between Realism and Idealism. Although never directly stated in the book, „the end justifies the means“ is often quoted as indicative of the Pragmatism or Instrumentalism that underlies Machiavelli’s philosophy. He also touched on totalitarian themes, arguing that the state is merely an instrument for the benefit of the ruler , who should have per niente qualms at using whatever means are at his disposal preciso keep the citizenry suppressed . Unlike Plato and Aristotle, though, Machiavelli was not looking to describe the ideal society , merely onesto present a doppio preciso getting and preserving power and the governo quo .

His other major contribution esatto political thought, the „Discorsi contro la davanti deca di Tito Livio“ ( „Discourses on Livy“ ) was begun around 1516 and completed sopra 1518 or 1519. It was an exposition of come per vedere chi si ama sul blackcupid senza pagare the principles of republican rule , masquerading as a commentary on the work of the famous historian of the Roman Republic . It constitutes verso series of lessons on how a republic should be started and structured, including the concept of checks and balances , the strength of a tripartite structure , and the superiority of verso republic over verso principality or monarchy . If not the first, then it was certainly the most important rete informatica on republicanism durante the early modern period.

Niccol di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (1469 – 1527) was an Italian philosopher, political theorist, diplomat, musician and writer of the Renaissance period

See the additional sources and recommended reading list below, or check the philosophy books page for verso full list. Whenever possible, I linked puro books with my amazon affiliate code, and as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Purchasing from these links helps esatto keep the website running, and I am grateful for your support!

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